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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

OSIM Nr. R102356
ISSN Print 0025-5289
ISSN Online 2668-8220
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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2021, Volume 58, Issue 1, 186-200

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458

Alina Corina Zgaverdea, Sorin Aurel Ratiu

“Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications


Abstract:
Due to the continuous decrease in the level of oil resource, nowadays researchers from all fields are concerned with the creation of new bio plastics with special properties. The present work presents a series of such properties, which become achievable when reinforcing organic fibre materials obtained by reactive extrusion of thermoplastic Polyurethan (TPU) with Polylactid-Acid (PLA) in a twin-screw extruder and covalently linked into PLA-TPU-Blends, through the innovative 'one-step process' technology, using the IMC Krauss Maffei injection moulding compounder, at the IKT University of Stuttgart. The elongation at break of PLA-TPU-Blends and the impact strength could be increased without significant reduction of strength and stiffness. A balanced relation between improved impact strength and reduced stiffness can be achieved by varying of the blend components. By using the partially biobased Polyurethane and natural fibres, a biobased content of more than 90% could be achieved. More and more advanced technologies allow the manufacture of components with reinforcements made of glass fibres, natural or carbon fibres obtained from polypropylene or Lignin. Due to their low specific weight compared to glass, carbon fibres are preferred for lightweight structures in the automotive or aeronautics industries. Green Carbon fibres, made in innovative ways from acrylonitrile resulting in the production of Bio-Diesel from algae, can successfully replace the conventional carbon fibres of Polypropylene, having identical properties. Fibre reinforcement aims to improve mechanical strength and impact resistance and increases the dimensional stability under heat of the composite. This feasibility study shows a method to realize fibre-reinforced materials using Green Carbon fibres with remarkable stability and rigidity similar or better than aluminum and steel for lightweight constructions.


Keywords:
carbon fibres; green carbon; algae; natural fibres; fibres reinforcement; PLA-TPU-blends

Issue: 2021 Volume 58, Issue 1
Pages: 186-200
Publication date: 2021/4/5
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
ZGAVERDEA, A.C., RATIU, S.A., “Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications, Mater. Plast., 58(1), 2021, 186-200.

Vancouver
Zgaverdea AC, Ratiu SA. “Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2021 Jan;58(1):186-200. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458


APA 6th edition
Zgaverdea, A.C., Ratiu, S.A. (2021). “Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications. Materiale Plastice, 58(1), 186-200. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458


Harvard
Zgaverdea, A.C., Ratiu, S.A. (2021). '“Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications', Materiale Plastice, 58(1), pp. 186-200. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458


IEEE
A.C. Zgaverdea, S.A. Ratiu, "“Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications". Materiale Plastice, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 186-200, 2021. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458


Text
Alina Corina Zgaverdea, Sorin Aurel Ratiu,
“Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 58, Issue 1,
2021,
Pages 186-200,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5458)
Keywords: carbon fibres; green carbon; algae; natural fibres; fibres reinforcement; PLA-TPU-blends



RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - “Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications
A1 - Zgaverdea, Alina Corina
A2 - Ratiu, Sorin Aurel
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2021
VL - 58
IS - 1
SP - 186
EP - 200
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458
KW - carbon fibres
KW - green carbon
KW - algae
KW - natural fibres
KW - fibres reinforcement
KW - PLA-TPU-blends

ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2021P186,
author = {Zgaverdea Alina Corina and Ratiu Sorin Aurel},
title = {“Green Carbon” from Algae for Automotive Applications},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {58},
number = {1},
pages = {186-200},
year = {2021},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.21.1.5458},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5458}
}
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