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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

OSIM Nr. R102356
ISSN Print 0025-5289
ISSN Online 2668-8220
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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2020, Volume 57, Issue 4, 225-235

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422

Suripto D. Yuwono, Endah Wahyuningsih, Noviany, Agung A. Kiswandono, Wasinton Simanjuntak, Sutopo Hadi

Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel


Abstract:
In this study, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was synthesized from the cellulose of cassava peel using alkalization and etherification reaction, and it was subsequently characterized with various techniques. Microcellulose was obtained by hydrolyzing á-cellulose from cassava peel using H2SO4 with concentrations of 45%, 47%, and 49%. The experimental results indicate that the varying concentrations of acid affect the particle size of the cellulose, with 49% H2SO4 solution producing a cellulose with particle size of around 0.45-2.42 µm and relative percentage of 11.3% according to PSA analysis. Other analyses conducted included determination of substitution degrees, DTG/DTA/TGA, FTIR, SEM, and XRD. The value of the substitution degree was determined at 0.27. TGA decomposition thermograms at a temperature of 150oC-320oC of 19.60 % indicate CMC compounds. DTA thermograms show that these CMC compounds have endothermic properties at 140oC and exothermic properties at 260oC. FTIR spectra show the presence of absorption band at wave number 1605 cm-1, which is a characteristic absorption of carbonyl group bound to cellulose. The results of SEM analysis indicate that the CMC has a tenuous surface morphology, and the XRD diffractograms are marked by the presence of weak peak at 2è = 20o, implying the existence of CMC as mostly amorphous.


Keywords:
cassava peel; á-cellulose; carboxymethyl cellulose

Issue: 2020 Volume 57, Issue 4
Pages: 225-235
Publication date: 2021/1/6
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422
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This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
YUWONO, S.D., WAHYUNINGSIH, E., NOVIANY, , KISWANDONO, A.A., SIMANJUNTAK, W., HADI, S., Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel, Mater. Plast., 57(4), 2020, 225-235.

Vancouver
Yuwono SD, Wahyuningsih E, Noviany , Kiswandono AA, Simanjuntak W, Hadi S. Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2020 Dec;57(4):225-235. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422


APA 6th edition
Yuwono, S.D., Wahyuningsih, E., Noviany, , Kiswandono, A.A., Simanjuntak, W. & Hadi, S. (2020). Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel. Materiale Plastice, 57(4), 225-235. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422


Harvard
Yuwono, S.D., Wahyuningsih, E., Noviany, , Kiswandono, A.A., Simanjuntak, W., Hadi, S. (2020). 'Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel', Materiale Plastice, 57(4), pp. 225-235. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422


IEEE
S.D. Yuwono, E. Wahyuningsih, Noviany, A.A. Kiswandono, W. Simanjuntak, S. Hadi, "Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel". Materiale Plastice, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 225-235, 2020. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422


Text
Suripto D. Yuwono, Endah Wahyuningsih, Noviany, Agung A. Kiswandono, Wasinton Simanjuntak, Sutopo Hadi,
Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 57, Issue 4,
2020,
Pages 225-235,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5422)
Keywords: cassava peel; á-cellulose; carboxymethyl cellulose


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel
A1 - Yuwono, Suripto D.
A2 - Wahyuningsih, Endah
A3 - Noviany,
A4 - Kiswandono, Agung A.
A5 - Simanjuntak, Wasinton
A6 - Hadi, Sutopo
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2020
VL - 57
IS - 4
SP - 225
EP - 235
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422
KW - cassava peel
KW - á-cellulose
KW - carboxymethyl cellulose
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2020P225,
author = {Yuwono Suripto D. and Wahyuningsih Endah and Noviany and Kiswandono Agung A. and Simanjuntak Wasinton and Hadi Sutopo},
title = {Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) Synthesized from Microcellulose of Cassava Peel},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {57},
number = {4},
pages = {225-235},
year = {2020},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.4.5422},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5422}
}
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