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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

OSIM Nr. R102356
ISSN Print 0025-5289
ISSN Online 2668-8220
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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2018, Volume 55, Issue 3, 372-375

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032

Delia Mira Berceanu Vaduva, Dana Emilia Velimirovici, Marcel Mihai Berceanu Vaduva, Livia Stanga, Horatiu Petrescu, Maria Rada, Daniela Cipu, Bianca Manuela Berceanu Vaduva, Matilda Radulescu

Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections


Abstract:
Skin- and mucosal infections, especially purulent, can often cause diagnostic and treatment problems. Therefore, we intend to conduct a microbiological study of isolated bacterial strains from ambulatory patients with various cutaneous-mucosal infections. In isolated strains we determined the sensitivity to antibiotics and we established the phenotypes of resistance in which they fall. We took in account 98 strains isolated by a private laboratory in Timisoara between January 2016 and December 2017. After bacterial identification, sensitivity testing to antibiotics was realized using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion according to the CLSI standard. Antibiogram was performed for all strains except for Streptococcus pyogenes. By interpreting the antibiograms, the phenotypes of resistance were determined. Most infections were caused by Staphylococcus aureus. In order of frequency following strains were isolated: Staphylococcus aureus (75.52%), Streptococcus pyogenes (11.22%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7.14%), E. coli (4.08%) ’i Enterobacter spp. (2.04%). S. aureus strains were resistant to penicillin in 94.60% of cases. We observed a higher sensitivity to oxacillin (87.84%), tobramycin (86.49%), gentamycin (87.84%), ciprofloxacin (83.78%) and clindamycin (89.20%). Most strains of S. aureus were of phenotype Peni-R Meti-S (82.44%). 12.16% were of phenotype Peni-R Meti-R (MRSA) and only 5.40% were sensitive to betalactams (Peni-S Meti-S). Gram-negative bacilli strains (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli, Enterobacter spp.) were less resistant, all being wild strains. Determining antibiotic resistance phenotypes is necessary in order to be able to make the right decision when choosing anti-infectious treatment, but also to prevent the selection of multi-resistant bacterial strains. The presence of MRSA at a rate of 12.16% is an alarm signal because the MRSA strains are multi-resistant to antibiotics with cross-resistance to the betalactams. Resistance usualy extends also to other classes of antibiotics. For a correct diagnosis and treatment, the results of the bacteriological testing need to be corroborated with the clinical signs.


Keywords:
skin- and mucosal infections; resistance phenotypes; antibiotics; chemotherapeutical agents; MRSA

Issue: 2018 Volume 55, Issue 3
Pages: 372-375
Publication date: 2018/9/30
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
VADUVA, D.M.B., VELIMIROVICI, D.E., VADUVA, M.M.B., STANGA, L., PETRESCU, H., RADA, M., CIPU, D., VADUVA, B.M.B., RADULESCU, M., Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections, Mater. Plast., 55(3), 2018, 372-375.

Vancouver
Vaduva DMB, Velimirovici DE, Vaduva MMB, Stanga L, Petrescu H, Rada M, Cipu D, Vaduva BMB, Radulescu M. Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2018 Jul;55(3):372-375. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032


APA 6th edition
Vaduva, D.M.B., Velimirovici, D.E., Vaduva, M.M.B., Stanga, L., Petrescu, H., Rada, M.,... Radulescu, M. (2018). Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections. Materiale Plastice, 55(3), 372-375. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032


Harvard
Vaduva, D.M.B., Velimirovici, D.E., Vaduva, M.M.B., Stanga, L., Petrescu, H., Rada, M., Cipu, D., Vaduva, B.M.B., Radulescu, M. (2018). 'Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections', Materiale Plastice, 55(3), pp. 372-375. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032


IEEE
D.M.B. Vaduva, D.E. Velimirovici, M.M.B. Vaduva, L. Stanga, H. Petrescu, M. Rada, D. Cipu, B.M.B. Vaduva, M. Radulescu, "Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections". Materiale Plastice, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 372-375, 2018. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032


Text
Delia Mira Berceanu Vaduva, Dana Emilia Velimirovici, Marcel Mihai Berceanu Vaduva, Livia Stanga, Horatiu Petrescu, Maria Rada, Daniela Cipu, Bianca Manuela Berceanu Vaduva, Matilda Radulescu,
Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 55, Issue 3,
2018,
Pages 372-375,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5032)
Keywords: skin- and mucosal infections; resistance phenotypes; antibiotics; chemotherapeutical agents; MRSA


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections
A1 - Vaduva, Delia Mira Berceanu
A2 - Velimirovici, Dana Emilia
A3 - Vaduva, Marcel Mihai Berceanu
A4 - Stanga, Livia
A5 - Petrescu, Horatiu
A6 - Rada, Maria
A7 - Cipu, Daniela
A8 - Vaduva, Bianca Manuela Berceanu
A9 - Radulescu, Matilda
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2018
VL - 55
IS - 3
SP - 372
EP - 375
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032
KW - skin- and mucosal infections
KW - resistance phenotypes
KW - antibiotics
KW - chemotherapeutical agents
KW - MRSA
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2018P372,
author = {Vaduva Delia Mira Berceanu and Velimirovici Dana Emilia and Vaduva Marcel Mihai Berceanu and Stanga Livia and Petrescu Horatiu and Rada Maria and Cipu Daniela and Vaduva Bianca Manuela Berceanu and Radulescu Matilda},
title = {Phenotypic Study and Sensitivity to Anti-Infective Chemotherapy of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Cutaneous-Mucosal Infections},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {55},
number = {3},
pages = {372-375},
year = {2018},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.3.5032},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5032}
}
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