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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2022, Volume 59, Issue 4, 109-124

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630

Hongshen Zhang, Guanghao Pan, Hongfei Zheng

Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology


Abstract:
Plastic parts in retired passenger vehicles are derived from non-renewable oil resources, and recycling them can conserve energy and reduce the burden on the environment. Effective separation is the premise of recycling vehicle plastics, and electrostatic separation is a clean and efficient method of plastic separation. On the basis of a self-developed, two-stage electrostatic separation equipment, this study investigated the high-voltage electrostatic separation of polyamide (PA), polyethylene (PE), and polypropylene (PP) mixtures. First, the single-factor experiment method was used to explore the influence of voltage, electrode spacing, and electrode inclination angle on the separation results. Second, the response surface methodology was employed to comprehensively analyze the effects of voltage, electrode spacing, and electrode inclination angle on the recovery rates of the three particles and their interactions. The optimum parameters for the secondary electrostatic separation of the three particles were determined to be 44 kV voltage, 156 mm electrode spacing, and 10° electrode inclination. Experimental verification showed that after the two-stage, electrostatic separation device was optimized through the response surface methodology, the purity of the PA particles reached 98.56%, and the recovery rate reached 96%. The purity of the PP particles reached 81.93%, and the recovery rate was 87.5%. Meanwhile, the purity of the PE particles reached 86.11%, and the recovery rate was 73%. This research provides a reference for the multi-stage, high-voltage, electrostatic separation of various automotive plastic particles.


Keywords:
Retired passenger vehicles; plastic waste; multistage electrostatic separation; response surface methodology; optimal parameters

Issue: 2022 Volume 59, Issue 4
Pages: 109-124
Publication date: 2023/1/6
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630
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This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
ZHANG, H., PAN, G., ZHENG, H., Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology, Mater. Plast., 59(4), 2022, 109-124. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630

Vancouver
Zhang H, Pan G, Zheng H. Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2022 Dec;59(4):109-124. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630


APA 6th edition
Zhang, H., Pan, G. & Zheng, H. (2022). Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology. Materiale Plastice, 59(4), 109-124. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630


Harvard
Zhang, H., Pan, G., Zheng, H. (2022). 'Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology', Materiale Plastice, 59(4), pp. 109-124. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630


IEEE
H. Zhang, G. Pan, H. Zheng, "Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology". Materiale Plastice, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 109-124, 2022. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630


Text
Hongshen Zhang, Guanghao Pan, Hongfei Zheng,
Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 59, Issue 4,
2022,
Pages 109-124,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articles.asp?ID=5630)
Keywords: Retired passenger vehicles; plastic waste; multistage electrostatic separation; response surface methodology; optimal parameters


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology
A1 - Zhang, Hongshen
A2 - Pan, Guanghao
A3 - Zheng, Hongfei
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2022
VL - 59
IS - 4
SP - 109
EP - 124
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630
KW - Retired passenger vehicles; plastic waste; multistage electrostatic separation; response surface methodology; optimal parameters
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2022P109,
author = {Zhang Hongshen and Pan Guanghao and Zheng Hongfei},
title = {Optimization of Two-stage High-voltage Electrostatic Separation Parameters for Retired Passenger Vehicle Plastics by Response Surface Methodology},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {59},
number = {4},
pages = {109-124},
year = {2022},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.22.4.5630},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articles.asp?ID=5630}
}


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