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Materiale Plastice
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https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2020, Volume 57, Issue 3, 147-159

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389

Mohammad Sakib Hasan, Toni Ivanov, Milos Vorkapic, Aleksandar Simonovic, David Daou, Aleksandar Kovacevic, Aleksa Milovanovic

Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts


Abstract:
Rapid innovations in 3D printing technology have allowed highly complex parts to be manufactured quickly and easily, particularly for prototyping purposes. Fused Deposition Modeling of thermoplastic materials is one of the most commonly used techniques in three-dimensional (3D) printing. The major aim of Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is to design and manufacture usable parts for fields such as engineering and medicine. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the mechanical properties of such FDM processed structures. One of the most commonly used materials currently on the market is Polylactic Acid (PLA). The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of aging and heat treatment on the tensile properties of PLA printed test specimens. The tensile properties of parts manufactured by the 3D printer are influenced by various parameters such as extrusion temperature, infill density, building direction, layer height, etc. A total of 96 specimens were built by altering building orientation and layer height to estimate and compare the tensile properties of the printed parts. To investigate the aging effect, 30 of 96 specimens were printed 6 months before the tensile experiment. Half of both aged and new specimens were cured in an oven at 57.5 <ยขŞC> for 3 hours while the other half endured no heat treatment. After the performed measurement, it can be concluded that heat treatment generally improves structural strength of the printed parts, while aging decreases it. However, these effects are highly dependent on the layer thickness and printing quality. The tensile test is conducted according to the ASTM D638 standard. The fractured samples were further characterized using an electron microscope.


Keywords:
Aging Effect; Heat Treatment; PLA; 3D Printeing; Tensile Properties

Issue: 2020 Volume 57, Issue 3
Pages: 147-159
Publication date: 2020/9/30
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
HASAN, M.S., IVANOV, T., VORKAPIC, M., SIMONOVIC, A., DAOU, D., KOVACEVIC, A., MILOVANOVIC, A., Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts, Mater. Plast., 57(3), 2020, 147-159.

Vancouver
Hasan MS, Ivanov T, Vorkapic M, Simonovic A, Daou D, Kovacevic A, Milovanovic A. Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2020 Jul;57(3):147-159. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389


APA 6th edition
Hasan, M.S., Ivanov, T., Vorkapic, M., Simonovic, A., Daou, D., Kovacevic, A. & Milovanovic, A. (2020). Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts. Materiale Plastice, 57(3), 147-159. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389


Harvard
Hasan, M.S., Ivanov, T., Vorkapic, M., Simonovic, A., Daou, D., Kovacevic, A., Milovanovic, A. (2020). 'Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts', Materiale Plastice, 57(3), pp. 147-159. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389


IEEE
M.S. Hasan, T. Ivanov, M. Vorkapic, A. Simonovic, D. Daou, A. Kovacevic, A. Milovanovic, "Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts". Materiale Plastice, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 147-159, 2020. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389


Text
Mohammad Sakib Hasan, Toni Ivanov, Milos Vorkapic, Aleksandar Simonovic, David Daou, Aleksandar Kovacevic, Aleksa Milovanovic,
Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 57, Issue 3,
2020,
Pages 147-159,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5389)
Keywords: Aging Effect; Heat Treatment; PLA; 3D Printeing; Tensile Properties


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts
A1 - Hasan, Mohammad Sakib
A2 - Ivanov, Toni
A3 - Vorkapic, Milos
A4 - Simonovic, Aleksandar
A5 - Daou, David
A6 - Kovacevic, Aleksandar
A7 - Milovanovic, Aleksa
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2020
VL - 57
IS - 3
SP - 147
EP - 159
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389
KW - Aging Effect
KW - Heat Treatment
KW - PLA
KW - 3D Printeing
KW - Tensile Properties
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2020P147,
author = {Hasan Mohammad Sakib and Ivanov Toni and Vorkapic Milos and Simonovic Aleksandar and Daou David and Kovacevic Aleksandar and Milovanovic Aleksa},
title = {Impact of Aging Effect and Heat Treatment on the Tensile Properties of PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) Printed Parts},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {57},
number = {3},
pages = {147-159},
year = {2020},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.20.3.5389},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5389}
}
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