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Materiale Plastice
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https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2019, Volume 56, Issue 4, 901-909

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282

Sorin Aurel RaȚiu, Alina Corina Zgaverdea

The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications


Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to present an overview of the trend of using, on a wider scale, plastics in the automotive industry. It is presented the realization of PLA-TPU-Blends with a biogenic mass greater than 90%, by mixing thermoplastic Polyurethan (TPU) with Polylactid-Acid (PLA) at IKT University of Stuttgart. In order to estimate the possibilities of use of bio-materials made from PLA and TPU, the properties were compared with standard thermoplastics such as Polypropylen (PP), Polyethylen (PE), Polyamid (PA), as well as with better performing materials from the engineering thermoplastics range. PBT, ASA and their derivatives. Notable are the properties of PLA-TPU-Blends compared with standard thermoplastics PP, PE, PA. The results show PLA-TPU-Blends superiority in Yeld strength compared to the types of Polypropylene homopolymer (PP-H), block-copolymer (PP-B) and randompolymer (PP-R), the properties being adaptable by flexible modification of the ratio between the components, according to the requirements of the application. Using suitable additives to make components compatible, there were created blends which were partially cross-linked, but their properties remain of thermoplast. When reinforcing PLA-TPU-Blends with fibers (glass and natural), the components also react with the groups (-OH) on the fiber surface, thus making a good connection between fibers and blends, which prevents the so-called pull-out-effect. PLA-TPU-Blends reinforced with natural fibers can be used to make the interior body elements of vehicles. The paper also presents a comparison between bio-materials made at IKT University of Stuttgart with Polyethylen (PE) and other industry standard bio-materials.


Keywords:
automotive industry; plastic materials; biopolymers; renewable materials; fibre reinforced materials; Polylactid-Acid; blends; Polyurethan; PLA-TPU-Blends

Issue: 2019 Volume 56, Issue 4
Pages: 901-909
Publication date: 30/12/2019
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
RAȚIU, S.A., ZGAVERDEA, A.C., The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications, Mater. Plast., 56(4), 2019, 901-909.

Vancouver
RaȚiu SA, Zgaverdea AC. The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2019 Dec;56(4):901-909. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282


APA 6th edition
RaȚiu, S.A., Zgaverdea, A.C. (2019). The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications. Materiale Plastice, 56(4), 901-909. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282


Harvard
RaȚiu, S.A., Zgaverdea, A.C. (2019). 'The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications', Materiale Plastice, 56(4), pp. 901-909. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282


IEEE
S.A. RaȚiu, A.C. Zgaverdea, "The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications". Materiale Plastice, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 901-909, 2019. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282


Text
Sorin Aurel RaȚiu, Alina Corina Zgaverdea,
The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 56, Issue 4,
2019,
Pages 901-909,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articles.asp?ID=5282)
Keywords: automotive industry; plastic materials; biopolymers; renewable materials; fibre reinforced materials; Polylactid-Acid; blends; Polyurethan; PLA-TPU-Blends


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications
A1 - RaȚiu, Sorin Aurel
A2 - Zgaverdea, Alina Corina
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2019
VL - 56
IS - 4
SP - 901
EP - 909
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282
KW - automotive industry
KW - plastic materials
KW - biopolymers
KW - renewable materials
KW - fibre reinforced materials
KW - Polylactid-Acid
KW - blends
KW - Polyurethan
KW - PLA-TPU-Blends
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2019P901,
author = {RaȚiu Sorin Aurel and Zgaverdea Alina Corina},
title = {The Potential of Using Bio Plastic Materials in Automotive Applications},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {56},
number = {4},
pages = {901-909},
year = {2019},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.4.5282},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articles.asp?ID=5282}
}

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