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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

OSIM Nr. R102356
ISSN Print 0025-5289
ISSN Online 2668-8220
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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2019, Volume 56, Issue 1, 41-46

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119

Marius Constantinescu, Felicia Bucura, Roxana-Elena Ionete, Violeta-Carolina Niculescu, Eusebiu Ilarian Ionete, Anca Zaharioiu, Simona Oancea, Marius Gheorghe Miricioiu

Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy


Abstract:
The pyrolysis can be an attractive way to reduce the plastic waste and, in the same time, to obtain alternative conventional fuels. In this respect, four polymers (low-density polyethylene, high-density polyethylene, propylene and polystyrene) were used in the pyrolysis process. The experiments were carried out by using an in-house plant, which allowed a maximum test temperature of 450 °C. The product oil and the derived gas from the pyrolysis process were evaluated using different techniques, such as elemental analysis (EA), calorimetry, gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Furthermore, for a comparative study two catalysts, zeolite and lignite, were also used for the pyrolysis process, in order to observe their influences on the final products. The higher heating value obtained for the oil was in the 40.17-45.35 MJ/kg range, acceptable for the use of these oil as an alternative fuel for diesel engine. Also, the sulphur content from the obtained oil does not cause environment problems, being lower than the allowed limits (10 mg/L). In addition, the pyrolysis derived gas was rich in hydrocarbons, conducting to a high calorific value, in the 73.42 - 121.18 MJ/kg range.


Keywords:
catalyst; lignite; plastic; pyrolysis; waste

Issue: 2019 Volume 56, Issue 1
Pages: 41-46
Publication date: 30/03/2019
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
CONSTANTINESCU, M., BUCURA, F., IONETE, R., NICULESCU, V., IONETE, E.I., ZAHARIOIU, A., OANCEA, S., MIRICIOIU, M.G., Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy, Mater. Plast., 56(1), 2019, 41-46.

Vancouver
Constantinescu M, Bucura F, Ionete R, Niculescu V, Ionete EI, Zaharioiu A, Oancea S, Miricioiu MG. Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2019 Jan;56(1):41-46. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119


APA 6th edition
Constantinescu, M., Bucura, F., Ionete, R., Niculescu, V., Ionete, E.I., Zaharioiu, A., Oancea, S. & Miricioiu, M.G. (2019). Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy. Materiale Plastice, 56(1), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119


Harvard
Constantinescu, M., Bucura, F., Ionete, R., Niculescu, V., Ionete, E.I., Zaharioiu, A., Oancea, S., Miricioiu, M.G. (2019). 'Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy', Materiale Plastice, 56(1), pp. 41-46. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119


IEEE
M. Constantinescu, F. Bucura, R. Ionete, V. Niculescu, E.I. Ionete, A. Zaharioiu, S. Oancea, M.G. Miricioiu, "Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy". Materiale Plastice, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 41-46, 2019. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119


Text
Marius Constantinescu, Felicia Bucura, Roxana-Elena Ionete, Violeta-Carolina Niculescu, Eusebiu Ilarian Ionete, Anca Zaharioiu, Simona Oancea, Marius Gheorghe Miricioiu,
Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 56, Issue 1,
2019,
Pages 41-46,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articles.asp?ID=5119)
Keywords: catalyst; lignite; plastic; pyrolysis; waste


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy
A1 - Constantinescu, Marius
A2 - Bucura, Felicia
A3 - Ionete, Roxana-Elena
A4 - Niculescu, Violeta-Carolina
A5 - Ionete, Eusebiu Ilarian
A6 - Zaharioiu, Anca
A7 - Oancea, Simona
A8 - Miricioiu, Marius Gheorghe
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2019
VL - 56
IS - 1
SP - 41
EP - 46
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119
KW - catalyst
KW - lignite
KW - plastic
KW - pyrolysis
KW - waste
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2019P41,
author = {Constantinescu Marius and Bucura Felicia and Ionete Roxana-Elena and Niculescu Violeta-Carolina and Ionete Eusebiu Ilarian and Zaharioiu Anca and Oancea Simona and Miricioiu Marius Gheorghe},
title = {Comparative Study on Plastic Materials as a New Source of Energy},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {56},
number = {1},
pages = {41-46},
year = {2019},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.19.1.5119},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articles.asp?ID=5119}
}

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