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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2018, Volume 55, Issue 4, 511-516

https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064

Ion Marius Nafliu, Hussam Nadum Abdalraheem Al Ani, Alexandra Raluca Grosu (Miron), Szidonia Katalin Tanczos, Ioana Maior, Aurelia Cristina Nechifor

Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes


Abstract:
In the present paper the authors study the pertraction of the nitrophenols through the immobilization using chemical reaction in receiving phase, using a laboratory installation conceived by the Group of Membranes, Materials and Membrane Processes within University Politehnica of Bucharest. This installation was developed using liquid synthetically solutions, through composite membranes having a matrix of capillary polypropylene and inclusions of ethylene propylene diene terpolymer sulfonic acid (S-EPDM) or sulfonated ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (S-EPDM). The results were follow: The permeation through the compartments of the system with composite S-EPDM membranes is limited, in the aqueous phases, by the solubility of the compound about to be separated, namely the membrane itself, and subsequently by its diffusion from the feed compartment to the collection compartment. The chemical reaction of immobilization, in the receiving phase, can be achieved in several variants (neutralization, esterification, complexation, oxidation, coupling, oxidative degradation); The biggest flows are obtained in compensation of the o-nitrophenol with ferric ions and then, in acetylation of the o-nitrophenol with acetic anhydride. However, we can emphasize that the derivatization of the o-nitrophenol through complexation and acetylation reactions requires its use as such in later processes, unlike the neutralization, for which the nitrophenolate ion easily frees the nitrophenol for future applications;For the neutralization reaction, the removing coefficient grows with decreasing of pKa value of the nitrophenols. For complexation reaction, the most favorable results were obtained for o-nitrophenol - over 66%;The coupling reaction of the o-nitrophenol, in the receiving phase, with the diazonium chloride of the p-nitroaniline and hydrogen peroxide 3% in sulfuric acid 20%, respectively, concludes with the exhaustion of the source phase, after 24 hours of operation.


Keywords:
composite membranes; EPDM; pertraction; nitrophenols separation; membrane processes

Issue: 2018 Volume 55, Issue 4
Pages: 511-516
Publication date: 2018/12/30
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064
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This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
NAFLIU, I.M., ANI, H.N.A.A., GROSU (MIRON), A.R., TANCZOS, S.K., MAIOR, I., NECHIFOR, A.C., Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes, Mater. Plast., 55(4), 2018, 511-516.

Vancouver
Nafliu IM, Ani HNAA, Grosu (Miron) AR, Tanczos SK, Maior I, Nechifor AC. Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes. Mater. Plast.[internet]. 2018 Dec;55(4):511-516. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064


APA 6th edition
Nafliu, I.M., Ani, H.N.A.A., Grosu (Miron), A.R., Tanczos, S.K., Maior, I. & Nechifor, A.C. (2018). Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes. Materiale Plastice, 55(4), 511-516. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064


Harvard
Nafliu, I.M., Ani, H.N.A.A., Grosu (Miron), A.R., Tanczos, S.K., Maior, I., Nechifor, A.C. (2018). 'Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes', Materiale Plastice, 55(4), pp. 511-516. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064


IEEE
I.M. Nafliu, H.N.A.A. Ani, A.R. Grosu(Miron), S.K. Tanczos, I. Maior, A.C. Nechifor, "Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes". Materiale Plastice, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 511-516, 2018. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064


Text
Ion Marius Nafliu, Hussam Nadum Abdalraheem Al Ani, Alexandra Raluca Grosu (Miron), Szidonia Katalin Tanczos, Ioana Maior, Aurelia Cristina Nechifor,
Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes,
Materiale Plastice,
Volume 55, Issue 4,
2018,
Pages 511-516,
ISSN 2668-8220,
https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064.
(https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5064)
Keywords: composite membranes; EPDM; pertraction; nitrophenols separation; membrane processes


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes
A1 - Nafliu, Ion Marius
A2 - Ani, Hussam Nadum Abdalraheem Al
A3 - Grosu (Miron), Alexandra Raluca
A4 - Tanczos, Szidonia Katalin
A5 - Maior, Ioana
A6 - Nechifor, Aurelia Cristina
JF - Materiale Plastice
JO - Mater. Plast.
PB - Materiale Plastice SRL
SN - 2668-8220
Y1 - 2018
VL - 55
IS - 4
SP - 511
EP - 516
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064
KW - composite membranes
KW - EPDM
KW - pertraction
KW - nitrophenols separation
KW - membrane processes
ER -


BibTex
@article{MatPlast2018P511,
author = {Nafliu Ion Marius and Ani Hussam Nadum Abdalraheem Al and Grosu (Miron) Alexandra Raluca and Tanczos Szidonia Katalin and Maior Ioana and Nechifor Aurelia Cristina},
title = {Iono-molecular Separation with Composite Membranes. VII. Nitrophenols pertraction on capilary polypropylene S-EPDM composite membranes},
journal = {Materiale Plastice},
volume = {55},
number = {4},
pages = {511-516},
year = {2018},
issn = {2668-8220},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/MP.18.4.5064},
url = {https://revmaterialeplastice.ro/Articlegs.asp?ID=5064}
}
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