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Materiale Plastice
Cite as: Mater. Plast.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Mat.Plast.1964

OSIM Nr. R102356
ISSN Print 0025-5289
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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2010, Volume 47, Issue 2,





FANICA MUSTATA Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Methylenedianiline/tert-butylphenol Formaldehyde Resins as Hardeners for Epoxy Resins


Abstract:
New formaldehyde resins were synthesized by the polymerization of a mixture of 4,4’-methylenedianiline (MDA) and p-tert-butylphenol (p-TBPH) with formaldehyde (FA) (at a molar ratio monomers/formaldehyde, 1/1), in the presence of an acid catalyst (HCl).The mixture of DMF/toluene was used as reaction medium and as carrier for the aqueous condensation. These polymers were characterized by elemental, spectral and thermal analysis and used as hardener for epoxy resins (diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) and diglycidyl ether of hydroquinone (DGEHQ)). The obtained resins have low molecular weight and are soluble in medium and high polar solvents. The curing and the temperature behaviour of epoxy resin/formaldehyde resin systems were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG) techniques. The activation energies of the curing reactions are situated in the range of 52 to 66 kJ×mol-1 for DGEBA systems and at 54 to 72 kJ×mol-1 for DGEHQ systems. The cured products have good thermal properties, and the activation energies of the degradation reactions have values between 36-65 kJ×mol-1 for epoxy systems. Keywords: formaldehyde resins, epoxy resin, crosslinking reactions, thermal properties



Issue: 2010 Volume 47, Issue 2
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