Materiale Plastice
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OSIM Nr. R102356
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Materiale Plastice (Mater. Plast.), Year 2010, Volume 47, Issue 1,

Marius Marinel StAnescu, Dumitru Bolcu, Ion Ciuca, Sabin Rizescu, Octavian Trante, MIHAI BAYER The Nonlinear Mechanical Behaviour of Composite Materials Reinforced with Carbon Fiber Weaves

This work paper proposes an elastic displacement field for a composite bar made of two constituents (phases). The deformation hypothesis described by this field is built in full respect of all the conditions of compatibility concerning deformation and strain-stress status of any kind. More else, the conditions of continuity concerning the surface separating the two constituents are also fully satisfied. Using this new displacement field we show that the tangent to each and every point of the characteristic curve built for this composite material depends only on the size of external charge (loading) and the longitudinal deformation of the composite bar. Based on these facts we also show that the constitutive equation of this composite material is a non-linear one: in fact it is a concave curve the way that the slope of the tangent to each and every point of the characteristic curve is decreasing as the deformation increases. We have released three sample groups with different arrangements of reinforcing fibers from one group to any other one and we have established the characteristic curve for each and every sample group. Using these curves we have obtained the longitudinal elasticity modulus, the tension at break, the elongation at break as well as the slope and the ordinate at the origin for the tangent to the breaking point of the characteristic curve. The characteristic curves have the shape (allure) suggested by the theoretically obtained results. We have shown that a certain parameter characterizing the non-linear behavior of the composite material is given by the ratio between the longitudinal elasticity modulus and the value of the slope of the tangent to the breaking point of the composite material characteristic curve. Keywords: composite materials, characteristic curve, elasticity modulus

Issue: 2010 Volume 47, Issue 1
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