MIHAELA-ELENA DASCALU, FLORIN NEDEFF, VLAD CIUBOTARIU, JUAN ANTONIO LOPEZ-RAMIREZ, ION SANDU CALCULATION OF THE CROSS SECTION ACTIVE AREA FOR A POLYMERIC SPIRAL WOUND REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE
Cross flow filtration is the typical way that water is filtered in membrane technology; that means that feed solution passes tangencially over the membrane and rejected components are washed away of the membrane by the rejected stream. In such a way, that minimal solids building up and at constant low flow resistance are achieved. In this paper, a calulation method regarding to the value of cross-section active area for a polymeric spiral wound reverse osmosis (RO) membrane is presented, in order to obtain the value of the cross-flow velocity of the system. This velocity is needed to improve the knowledge fouling mechanisms and it is not easy to know without obtaining the cross section area. To determine cross-section area of a RO polymeric spiral wound membrane a series of calculations were performed to obtain the initial values of some parameters. The mathematical calculation was also achieved with the Roll Length program. Based on the results obtained, it was concluded that only 65.36% of the total cross-section of the membrane is useful to cross flow and it was possible to determine the active cross-section of filtration with a value of 1,915.4 mm2, for the membrane studied. This methodology allows the calculation for any RO spiral membrane.