LUMINITA LIGIA VAIDA, RALUCA DIMA, EMILIA ALBINITA CUC, BIANCA MARIA NEGRUTIU, ABEL EMANUEL MOCA, IOANA ELENA LILE, DELIA DARAGIU, ALEXANDRU ZALANA, ELENA LUMINITA ALBERT, BIANCA IOANA TODOR COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFICIENCY OF INTERMAXILLARY ELASTIC POLYMERS USED IN THE TREATMENT OF SKELETAL CLASS II MALOCCLUSIONS IN GROWING PATIENTS The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency in using intermaxillary elastics to stimulate mandibular growth and advancement in orthodontic patients diagnosed with skeletal Class II malocclusion as well as to compare the use of these Class II elastics in two different therapeutic approaches. The sample consisted of 60 orthodontic patients aged 10-15 years, 34 girls and 26 boys. The sample was divided into two equal groups (each consisting of 30 patients). Patients belonging to the first group (Group 1) were subjected to 1/4¹¹ - 6.0 oz elastics and were advised to change the elastic every 24 hours. Patients belonging to the second group (Group 2) were subjected to 1/4”- 4.5 oz elastics but with a recommendation to change the elastics every 12 hours. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of these two types of Class II elastics on mandibular growth and advancement, the value of the SNB angle at the beginning of the treatment (T1) was compared with the value of the SNB angle after 5 months of wearing intermaxillary elastics (T2). All patients showed statistically significant increased values of the SNB angle during the orthodontic treatment (p<0.001). Patients in Group 2 showed a significantly higher statistical increase (p<0.05) than patients in Group 1.
Keywords: Class II elastics, Class II malocclusions, growing patients