BIANCA DOMOKOS-HANCU, MILENA ADINA MAN, ANTIGONA CARMEN TROFOR, CARMEN MONICA POP, CRISTINA MARIA GAVRILESCU, ELENA COJOCARU, ANDREI CERNOMAZ, ANDREI LESAN, CRISTIAN BOERESCU, ROXANA-MIHAELA BARBU, FLORINA POPESCU BIOCHEMISTRY IN ASSESSING THE INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DUE TO EXPERIMENTAL EXPOSURE TO GLASS FIBRES Given the structural resemblances between glass fiber and asbestos, it is important to understand the mechanisms through which exposure to glass fibers may affect the respiratory system. To study the effect of glass fiber on rat lung through intratracheal exposure, considering the subjectís weight variation, together with haematological parameters, C-reactive protein (CRP), total number of lymphocytes, and IL8 concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage. We performed an intratracheal instillation study on four groups of 8 randomly selected Wistar rats, by administering 3 different doses of glass fiber. The hematocrit value was an indirect indicator of chronic hypoxemia; leukocytes and the C-reactive protein assessed systemic inflammation, and total number of lymphocytes and IL8 concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid determined the lungís inflammatory response. Weight variation evaluated in all 8 measurements revealed no statistically significant changes (p=0.768). The decrease in mean blood leukocytes was interpreted in relation with the glass fiber dose, with a statistically significant difference between the study groups (p=0.003). Statistically significant differences were found in the CRP values, with dose correlations (p<0.001). The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed increased levels of IL-8 (p<0.05), and decrease of lymphocytes (p<0.001) in correlation with the administered glass fiber dose. The inflammatory response following exposure to glass fibers in rats is correlated with administrated glass fiber dose. The alterations described as a result of intratracheal glass fiber instillation could predict the effects which occupational exposure to glass fiber may produce in humans.