MARIA STOICANESCU, AUREL CRISAN, IOAN MILOSAN, MIHAI ALIN POP, JOSE RODRIGUEZ GARCIA, IOAN GIACOMELLI, TIBOR BEDO, INMACULADA CANADAS MARTINEZ, AUGUSTIN SEMENESCU, BOGDAN FLOREA, OANA ROXANA CHIVU HEAT TREATMENT OF STEEL 1.1730 WITH CONCENTRATED SOLAR ENERGY This paper presents and discusses research conducted with the purpose of developing the use of solar energy in the heat treatment of steels. For this, a vertical axis solar furnace called at Plataforma Solar de Almeria was adapted such as to allow control of the heating and cooling processes of samples made from 1.1730 steel. Thus temperature variation in pre-set points of the heated samples could be monitored in correlation with the working parameters: the level of solar radiation and implicitly the energy used the conditions of sample exposed to solar radiation, and the various protections and cooling mediums.The recorded data allowed establishing the types of treatments applied for certain working conditions. The distribution of hardness, as the representative feature resulting from heat treatment, was analysed on all sides of the treated samples. In correlation with the time-temperature-transformation diagram of 1.1730 steel, the measured values confirmed the possibility of using solar energy in all types of heat treatment applied to this steel. In parallel the efficiency of using solar energy was analysed in comparison to the energy obtained by burning methane gas for the heat treatment for the same set of samples. The analysis considered energy consumption, productivity and the impact on the environment. Thanks to various data obtained through developed experiences, which cover a wide range of thermic treatments applied steels 1.1730 model, we can certainly state that this can be a solid base in using solar energy in applications of thermic treatment at a high industrial level.
Keywords: Solar energy, Heattreatment, Hardness, 1.1730 Steel