LAURENTIU TATARU, VALENTIN NEDEFF, NARCIS BARSAN, ANDREI VICTOR SANDU, EMILIAN MOSNEGUTU, MIRELA PANAINTE-LEHADUS, ION SANDU APPLICATIONS OF POLYMERIC MEMBRANES ULTRAFILTRATION PROCESS ON THE RETENTION OF BENTONITE SUSPENSION In the field of purification and treatment of waste water resulting from various domestic and industrial activities, classical methods of retention of pollutants almost can no longer eliminate their large quantities, and this signifies a problem related to the environment. Filtration membrane technology has a larger footprint in the removal of these pollutants, and their success is due to virtually the quality of the resulting water. This paper highlights the development of a wastewater ultrafiltration process, containing bentonite, an inorganic compound found in wastewater from industries such as the steel industry, food industry, and so on. This study aims to find the relation between all parameters present in the ultrafiltration process, respectively how these parameters can influence each other. The study is necessary because bentonite, from a common substance, can be a dangerous pollutant, especially if it comes into contact with other compounds that in chemical reactions can harm the environment, and this raises questions to researchers who are experimenting with water purification technologies at a state-of-the-art level. At the same time, the study aims at determining the percentage of bentonite retaining on the membrane filtration surface, and in the final analysis of how bentonite can block the pores of the membrane or deposit on its surface. Throughout the entire ultrafiltration experiment it will be monitorized parameters related to organic membrane with hollow fibers and the results of physico-chemical indicators obtained at the final of the process. The results of the study showed that bentonite can be retained more than 20%. Accumulation of bentonite on the surface of the membrane decreased slightly the volume of permeate at the end of the experiment, resulting in an insignificant decrease in the volume of the liquid in the membrane. The results on bentonite retention efficiency and dependence parameters in the ultrafiltration process will be detailed in the present paper.
Keywords: bentonite, retention efficiency, membrane, ultrafiltration, pilot station