SIMONA STOLERIU, GIANINA IOVAN, IRINA NICA, GALINA PANCU, ANDREI VICTOR SANDU, SORIN ANDRIAN THE EFFECT OF HEATING ON SURFACE MICROHARDNESS OF RESIN-BASED MATERIALS FOR DIRECT RESTORATION
The aim of this study was to evaluate and to compare the surface hardness of three types of resin-based materials used for direct restoration after heating at different temperatures. A giomer (Beautifil II, Shofu Dental), a compomer (Dyract eXtra, Dentsply Sirona) and a hybrid composite resin (Gaenial Posterior, GC Corporation) were selected for this study. Twenty disk-shaped specimens of each material were heated at room temperature (21°C), at 37°C, at 50°C and at 60°C. Vickers microhardness test was performed on top and bottom surfaces using digital microhardness tester (Micro-Vickers Hardness System CV- 400DMTM, CV Instruments Namicon). The top and bottom surfaces VHN was calculated as a mean value of five determinations. Also, the microhardness ratio was calculated by dividing the top mean VHN value by bottom mean VHN value. Increased mean hardness values were recorded after heating, irrespective of resin-based tested materials. The highest hardness values were recorded after heating all three materials at 60°C, followed by the hardness recorded at 50°C, 37°C and 21°C. For top surfaces, the lowest hardness value was recorded in Dyract eXtra group when samples were warmed at room temperature and the highest hardness value was obtained in Beautifil II group when samples where heated at 60°C. For the bottom surfaces, Dyract eXtra specimens heated at 21°C presented the lowest hardness values and Beautifil II samples heated at 60°C presented the highest hardness values. On top and on bottom surfaces Dyract eXtra showed the lowest hardness values, followed by G-aenial Posterior and Beautifil II, irrespective the heating temperature.