FLORIN BORCAN, MARIUS PREDA, LIVIA CRISTINA BORCAN, IULIA PINZARU, SORIN FLORESCU, EUGEN SISU, MARIOARA POENARUCOMPARATIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF BIRCH BARK EXTRACTS ENCAPSULATED INSIDE POLYURETHANE MICROSTRUCTURES
The phytotherapy is based on the consume of fruits, vegetables and medicinal plants; they contain mixtures of bioactive chemical substances (carotenoids, phenolic acids, flavonoids, coumarins, tannins, organosulfur compounds) with synergic effects on the treatment of diseases. Nano- and micro-carriers are very useful drug delivery systems which can improve the transmembrane transfer of natural extracts. In the present study, betulin and two birch bark extracts were encapsulated inside polyurethane microstructures. Structuresí size, homogeneity and surface charge were studied using a Zetasizer, while DSC analysis was involved to assay structuresí thermal behavior. Irritation effects were monitored by non-invasive techniques on human skin. The results indicate the obtaining of structures with size around 200-250 nm, with a positive surface charge and a very good thermal stability. The non-irritation potential recommends these structures as a safe delivery system used for natural extracts.
Keywords: betulin, drug carrier, erythema, polymer, TEWA, Zeta potential