DAWOD NAZEM, CORNELIA FLORENTINA BICLESANU, DOINA PALUTA, STEFAN MANEA, MONICA BANITA, VIOLETA HANCU, ANAMARIA FLORESCU STUDY OF MARGINAL MICROLEAKAGE IN ROOT CARIES RESTORED WITH RESIN COMPOSITES, GIOMERS AND GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS Root decay is a complex and multifactorial disease. The aim of this study is to assess in vitro the sealing capacity of common aesthetic materials used to restore root caries as well as the size of the hybrid layer formed by SE-1 step vs 2-step ER adhesive techniques. For this study, 45 extracted teeth were used. After cleaning, near the enamel-cement junction, but at the level of the cementum, cavities were prepared and restored with resin composite, giomer and glass-ionomer cements. The teeth were covered with nail polish leaving uncovered the restoration area and 2mm around it; teeth were kept for 24 h , in 2% methylene blue. To assess the degree of marginal adaptation, SEM analysis was further performed. The association of 2-step ER adhesive system with giomers and resin composite shows the maximum adhesion efficiency by forming a uniform, thick layer and dentinal tubules obliteration compared to SE-1 step adhesive system associated with the same restoration materials.
Key words root decay, adhesive systems, resin composite, SEM analysis