SORIN ANDRIAN, GIANINA IOVAN, GALINA PANCU, CLAUDIU TOPOLICEANU, ANDREI GEORGESCU, SIMONA STOLERIU, IONUT TARABOANTA, IRINA NICA STUDY REGARDING THE SURFACE STATE OF COMPOSITE RESINS AFTER FINISHING AND POLISHING USING DIFFERENT SYSTEMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different finishing and polishing systems and of composite resins structure on surface state of the restoration. Cylindrical samples from two different composite resins (Filtek Z 550 and Filtek Z 250, 3M ESPE) were obtained. In group 1 the samples were not finished and polished. In groups 2-4 the samples were submitted to finishing procedure using two tungsten carbide burs, then polished using three different polishing systems: three steps diamond abrasive polishers (Kenda CGI, Lichtenstein) - group 2, one step silicon carbide abrasive particles brush (Occlubrush, KerrHawe SA, Switzerland) - group 3 and two steps Sof-Lex spiral wheels (3M ESPE) - group 4. Half of the samples in each group were subjected to surface microstructure evaluation using a scanning electron mycroscope. The other half of the samples was subjected to surface state assessment using profilometery. All the investigated finishing and polishing systems leaded to increased surface roughness when compared to the roughness of composite resins placed in direct contact to celluloid clear matrix. The surface roughness of both microfilled-hybrid and nanofilled-hybrid composite resins finished and polished with different systems were influenced mostly by the polishing system and less by the composite resin structure.
Keywords: composite resins, finishing, polishing, SEM, profilometry